Zertifikat Französisch: TCF

TCF - Test de Connaissance du Français

Der Test de Connaissance du Français (TCF) ist der offizielle Französischtest des französischen Bildungsministeriums (CIEP). Der TCF ist für alle Personen bestimmt, deren Muttersprache nicht Französisch ist und die ihre Französischkenntnisse aus beruflichen oder privaten Gründen bzw. für die Einbürgerung in Frankreich einfach, zuverlässig und schnell bewerten und anerkennen lassen wollen. Der TCF gilt zwei Jahre und wird sowohl vom nationalen Bildungsministerium, der Europäischen Union als auch von verschiedenen internationalen Behörden anerkannt. Der TCF gilt aber auch als Voraussetzung für das Studium an den meisten französischen Universitäten.

Der TCF und die fakultative schriftliche Prüfung bilden den Test Officiel d’Admission Préalable (DAP) für ausländische Studenten, die zum Grundstudium an einer französischen Hochschule zugelassen werden möchten. Der TCF gilt zudem als Nachweis über Französischkenntnisse für Personen, die nach Quebec auswandern möchten und somit ein permanentes Visum beantragen wollen. Somit kann der TCF im Rahmen der Antragstellung CSQ (certificat de sélection du Québec) verwendet werden (siehe unten TCF Quebec).

TCF rating

All candidates receive a TCF-certificate, the grades scale corresponds to the six level competency scale (A1 to C2) of the Common European Framework for Languages (GER) as well as the ALTE  (Association of Language Testers in Europe). Failing the TCF test is therefore impossible.

Points TCF / Niveau / Level Common European Framework / Level according ALTE

  • 100 – 199 Points, Niveau 1 – Élémentaire: A1 / breakthrough
  • 200 – 299 Points, Niveau 2 – Élémentaire avancé: A2 / 1
  • 300 – 399 Points, Niveau 3 – Intérmediaire: B1 / 2
  • 400 – 499 Points, Niveau 4 – Intermédiaire avancé: B2 / 3
  • 500 – 599 Points, Niveau 5 – Supérieur: C1 / 4
  • 600 – 699 Points, Niveau 6 – Supérieur avancé: C2 / 5
TCF kinds of examination

The TCF exists in two versions: a paper-based version and an electronic one, which means you take the TCF test in a examination centre on a computer. This version is called TCF Sur Ordinateur – TCF SO. The advantage of the TCF SO is that you will receive a provisional certificate with your result as soon as you have finished the test. This only applies for the compulsory parts (Epreuves obligatoires).

TCF Public

For example, for students doing degrees or post graduate studies or those at elite universities. The TCF is systematically required from students who want to enrol for degrees or postgraduate programs  (Licence 3, Master 1, Master 2 und Promotion)  at universities or “Grandes Ecoles”

TCF Public distribution

Three compulsory tasks (épreuves obligatoires) with a total of 80 multiple-choice questions

  • Listening Comprehension (30 exercises, 25 minutes). The exercises test the candidate’s ability to understand spoken French, in particular colloquial words and familiar expressions in everyday situations (Dialogue, interviews, conversations, telephone conversations etc.).
  • Mastering language structure (20 questions, 20 minutes). These exercises test the recognition of errors and the choice of correct syntax and lexical structures.Reading comprehension (30 questions, 45 minutes). The questions test the understanding of familiar names, information in familiar documents (adverts, brochures, menus and time-tables etc.), Information about people, facts or events, general texts about life or work, articles and reports, in which the author voices opinions on concrete and abstract subjects, long and complex factual or literal texts, subject matter specific articles as well as abstract or complex extracts from books, articles or literature.

Download TCF Manuel du Candidat

2 optional assignments (épreuves facultatives):

  • Oral expression (about 15 minute long conversation) with an examiner. Question asked range from elementary to very advanced on a six tiered scale and test the ability level of a candidate.
  • Written expression (1 hour 45 minutes). This exam comprises six tasks, which the candidate must process:
    – Composing a simple and personal message: postcard, note (ca 40 words);
    – Composing a personal letter about an everyday situation using everyday or even colloquial vocabulary (ca 60 words);
    – Composing an experience report, a story, voicing an opinion (ca 80 words)
    – Composing a text, expressing opinions and arguments in detail (ca 100 words);
    – Composing a text based on a social topic with clear and detailed arguments and counterarguments, which aim at convincing the reader (100 – 125 words);
    – Summarising a text or several documents (ca 100 words).The following capabilities are evaluated:
    – clearly and distinctly express a message;
    – give the required information;
    – join thoughts and write coherent texts;
    – support one’s opinion with arguments and counterarguments;
    – use vocabulary in right context;
    – master complex language structure;
    – recognise the important aspects of information and be able to formulate them in own words

TCF pour la DAP (Demande d’admission préalable)

TCF distribution

For students at universities (L1 – L2) and at architectural colleges. When applying for universities (DAP), those students who do not have a DALF diploma and want to enrol at a university (Licence 1 or Licence 2) or architectural college the TCF is a must .

The TCF DAP lasts 3 hours. It consists of the following:

  • Listening comprehension, 30 questions
  • Language structure (grammar and vocabulary): 20 questions
  • Reading comprehension: 30 questions
  • Written expression (two topics: an interpretation of accounting information in 250 words and a discussion in 400 words)
TCF registration

Registering for the TCF pour la DAP is only possible under certain circumstances. Please get in touch with the French embassy in Berlin. Contact details for further information on the TCF pour la DAP are:

Constanze Din
Office of the Bureau de la coopération linguistique et éducative
Service Culturel
Ambassade de France
Pariser Platz 5
10117 Berlin
Tel: + 49 (0) 30 590 03 92 03
Fax: +49 (0) 30 590 03 92 42

TCF Québec

TCF Québec distribution

Since October 16, 2006 the Québec Ministry of Immigration, Diversity and Inclusion requires that all people applying for immigration to Quebec prove their French proficiency level by passing the “TCF for Quebec”. This test is exclusively reserved for those candidates (even francophone applicants) applying at the immigration office of Quebec or at a general delegation .
The „TCF für Quebec“ comprises two sections.


  • Listening comprehension (30 questions, 30 minutes)
  • Oral expression (6 questions, 15 minutes) with an examiner


The „TCF für Quebec“ certificate is only valid for immigration purposes and can not be used as a language proof, e.g. to study at a French university.

TCF Quebec Hinweis

Seit dem 6. Dezember 2011 wird der TCF Public in Verbindung mit der Zusatzprüfung “Expression Orale” (mündliche Ausdrucksfähigkeit) ebenfalls für die Emigration nach Quebec anerkannt. Der TCF wird nicht als Sprachnachweis für die Einwanderung nach Kanada außer Quebec anerkannt. Der einzige anerkannte Sprachnachweis für Kanada ist der TEF.


Infoblatt TCF Quebec in französischer Sprache downloaden
Infoblatt TCF Quebec in englischer Sprache downloaden
Download Manuel du Candidat TCF Quebec

TCF ANF (pour l’accès à la nationalité française)



Jean-Marie Langlet

Département Français Langue Etrangère

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